HARYANA’S Rakhigarhi is famous across the world for the Harrapan civilisation. And now, the Archaeological Survey Of India (ASI) is conducting new excavations in and around the 7,000-year-old planned Harappan city in Rakhigarhi which will be completed by the end of May. The excavation and study at Rakhigarhi has so far revealed that this place once housed a planned city made with better engineering. During excavation, the officials studied the remains of the Harappan culture and got evidence of town planning, including streets, pucca walls and multi-storeyed houses. Remains of around 5,000 year-old factory which used to manufacture jewellery has also been traced, which signifies that trading was also done from the city.
According to officials, that time the cities were built using better technology. The techniques which are now being used to build big cities like straight streets, drains, dustbins placed at corners of streets for garbage, were used at that time. During excavation, the skeletons of two women were found along with jewellery. Along with skeletons, utensils used by the deceased were also buried. Rakhigarhi is the largest archaeological site of the Harappan civilisation which comes under two modern villages Rakhi-Shahpur and Rakhigarhi-Khash. Rakhigarhi has been classified as major metropolitan centre of the Harappan culture. During an investigation conducted in 1969 by Professor Suraj Bhan, it was found that archaeological remains of Rakhigarhi and settlements are of the nature of the Harappan culture.
During investigation conducted by the ASI and Pune Deccan College, it came to the fore that this place has a cluster township spread across 500 hectare. It includes 11 mounds which have been named RGR- 1 TO 11.
The excavations carried out by the ASI under the directions of Amarendra Nath during the year 1997-98 to 1999-2000 revealed various occupational phases beginning from the pre-formative stage to mature Harrapan period covering the time from 5th millennia BCE to 3rd millennia BCE based on the radio carbon dates obtained from various layers.
Sanjay Manjul, ASI Joint Director General, said: “During the excavation of RGR-1, 2.5 metre-wide streets and walls were found. All of that shows Harappan town planning and engineering. Remains of house complex has also been found. How Harappan people used to stay in these houses is shown. Earthern stoves and antiquity were also found.”
Remains found in RGR-1 and 3 included elephant embossed carving, steatite seal of the Harappan script, impression of black clay seal, animal figurines of terracotta and steatite made dog, bull, a large number of steatite beads, semi-precious stone beads, copper things.
DNA samples from 2 human skeletons found in burial pits at Harappan-era Rakhigarhi sent for analysis: DNA samples collected from two human skeletons unearthed at a necropolis of a Harappan-era city site in Haryana have been sent for scientific examination, the outcome of which might tell about the ancestry and food habits of people who lived in Rakhigarhi region thousands of years ago.